Description of Location - 11th Congress of Italian Society of Animal Reproduction - USTICA 2013

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Description of Location


Ustica, which preserves the ancient name, is 52 km from the Capo Gallo and 57 km from Palermo, has geological structure similar to the Aeolian Islands and elliptical in shape, measuring 4.5 to 2.7 km, with an area of km 28.6 and culminates in Punta Maggiore. Has some fertile shelves, the rest is formed by lava, rocks and volcanic peaks. It is divided in two by a small chain of hills at north of which lies the flat district of Tramontana; in South side, the district of Mezzogiorno, less extensive. The coasts are generally steep. It is seaside location and water sports

Ustica is very fertile, intensively cultivated almost everywhere. Produces grapes, wheat, fruits (especially figs, prickly pears, melons) and vegetables, are cultivated them well willow for baskets and some olive trees. For transport and mounts donkeys and mules, are used. Is plenty of lizards, crickets and grasshoppers. Almost every house is equipped with a tank, and there are also communal tanks and Almost every house is equipped with a tank, and there are also communal tanks and one tank 96,000 hl in the hill slopes near Falconara, fueled by the steamer tank. The hotel industry is satisfactory

Hunting is poor. The sea is rich in fish and fishing is one of the main occupations of the islanders. Frequently the flying fish, which are seen rising in front of the ship or boat. It also fish crustaceous and shellfish; sometimes turtles. Has decreased coral fishing that was done by the Neapolitans, and the sponges exerted by the Greeks. Its coasts are particularly suitable for spearfishing. The climate is similar to that of Palermo, but most decidedly maritime. The winds are sometimes very violent, especially Greek and Scirocco. The wind from East is so persistent to produce abundant dew. From scraps of tombs seems that the first inhabitants of the island were Phoenicians or Carthaginians, mosaics, coins and other objects found show that dominance period of Romans. Since 8 th to 10 th century was tricky in the hands of the Saracens, the Normanni built the church of S. Mary and the convent of the Benedictine them, which the Saracens destroyed, seizing new island in 14 th century. They held it for four centuries, exterminating and dispersing the population. Several attempts to occupy and populate it, made by the Spanish government, failed, and again it was all destroyed, and the lack of supervision and lack of people were killed or dragged into slavery by pirates. Only in 1763 the island was fortified and inhabited by the government of Borbone dinasty with hundred of families from the Aeolian islands, few from Palermo and Trapani, and 250 soldiers. Then on the coast, guard towers and watchtowers, were erected. The population of Ustica, Aeolian original, he has costumes and dialect grew rapidly until the middle of the 19 th century, but because the scarce means of subsistence, he began to emigrate, and today has a population of about 1262 inhabitants. It has port traffic 1500 t of goods and 7-8000 passengers per year.
Ustica town is the unique center of the island

to guide thimbles, SICILIA, Touring Club Italiano, Milano, 1968

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